The fundamental dignity of every user is to have the computer Systems that are protected and secured with licensed software. Protection from harmful components is a very crucial matter to solve. As it is well said, ‘Protection is better than cure' but, from what type of attacks a PC/Laptop must be protected? The answer is not that complicated; the computer system should be well sustainable from Phishing attacks, malware, viruses and other harmful threats.
Phishing attacks originally referred to ‘account thefts’ and an example of social engineering. They are types of online scams aiming to acquire sensitive information of users like passwords, account information, and indirectly money, often for malicious reasons. The hackers perform phishing by masquerading as a trustworthy website or source over the Internet to attack the solicited victim. It is very popular among the cyber criminals to trick someone into clicking a malicious link through email or website.
Phishing attacks and their Types:
- Deceptive Phishing: The most common practice of phishing slam is performed through fake email. Scams delivery is conducted to attract a broad group of recipients with the hope that the incautious ones will respond by clicking a link or signing onto a malicious site where their confidential information gets collected.
- Malware based: Malware is introduced in an email attachment, as a downloaded file from a website, or by exploiting known security vulnerabilities to exploit the users’ confidential information through the malware and sending it to the hacker’s server.
- Keyloggers and Screenloggers: These are the particular types of malware that track keyboard input by embedding themselves into users' browsers as small service programs known as helper objects. These run automatically when the browser executes and captures the information from system files as device drivers or screen monitors
- Web Trojans: Trojans pop up invisibly when users are attempting to log into a website. They collect the user's credentials locally and transmit them to the phisher.
- Session Hijacking: It describes an attack where users' activities are monitored until they sign up for a target account or agreement and establish their genuine credentials. At that point, the malicious software takes over and performs unauthorized actions, such as transferring funds, without the user's knowledge.
- System Reconfiguration Attacks: By modifying settings on a user's PC for malicious purposes, for example URLs in favorites, the file might be changed to direct users to similar looking websites.
- Pharming: Pharming is the term stated to host file modification or Domain Name System (DNS)-based phishing. With a Pharming scheme, hackers ruin company's hosts files or domain name system so that requests for URLs or name return a fake address, and subsequent communications get directed to the same site. As a result, users are unaware that the website where they are entering confidential info is controlled by hackers and is probably not advisory in the same country as the official site.
- Man-in-the-Middle Phishing: It is harder to verify than many other forms of phishing. In these attacks, hackers position themselves between the user and the right website or system. They record the information being entered and continue to pass it on so that users' proceedings are not affected. Later, they can sell or utilize the information or credentials collected when the user is not active on the system.
How can you stay protected?
Variable phishing attacks can make you also a victim by harming your confidential information, but you can protect yourself from phishing by few simple techniques:
- Beware of links in the emails that ask for your personal information like ATM pin number, credit card details or passwords of bank account numbers.
- Do not click on links, download files or open attachments in emails from unknown senders. Only open the attachments when you are expecting them.
- Never email or share your personal information with any user like your very close relative or friend. As in many cases, phishing attackers are closer to you.
- Always check the site URL carefully as this is the most usual trick of cons to attack over your personal information by gathering the data through masqueraded websites and then sending the information over hacker’s network.
- Don’t share your PC/Laptop passwords even with your family members or any office colleague as a number of times phishing attacks are followed by the personal network.
- Avoid using the PCs or network that is unprotected as they can be much more vulnerable to dangerous malware.
- The very new trend of phishing is followed these days by the phishers is through call and SMS. They send fake messages and ask to attempt a call to given number which informs the user to share 16-digit number (credit card or bank account) along with complete information which tends to affect your security by the hackers.
To get even more secured with phishing attacks, check out the above images that will help you to get aware about attacks and be safe from cyber criminals over the Internet.
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