Ransomware is a type of malware program, focused at kidnapping or stealing someone’s computer data and preventing the victim from accessing their own system. For freeing your data from this Malware attack, victim or the user have to pay a ransom money to access the blocked data.
Ransomware targets your computer through e-mail attachments, advertisements and malicious websites. A Ransomware is also known as Cryptovirus, Cryptotrojan or Cryptoworm.
If a Ransomware is executed inside the computer system, then it can lead to
- Locking of your home screen with a password for access.
- You have to pay money to unlock your system
- Locking of your data file with an encrypted password.
The FBI released two cover stories to guide and spread awareness to the computer users about widespread of Ransomware malware and how to avoid this attack. According to FBI, the Ransomware programmers or the criminals are earning an amount of around $150 million per year from these scams. These are the most dangerous Ransomware that can be seen circulating on the internet.
Here are some of the techniques or ways in which you can prevent your system from Ransomware attack-
- Use a Reputed and up-to-date Antivirus Software-
An up-to-date Antivirus should be used to prevent these type of attacks from hackers. Internet Security software should be installed to prevent opening of malicious websites.
- Use a firewall-
Firewall provides a buffer between the internet and your computer and controls the incoming and outgoing traffic thereby protecting any virus to enter your system without any permission. So an up-to-date firewall and operating system are necessary.
- Use Advertisement blocker softwares-
Most of the Ransomware are spread through the advertisement that you see while surfing the internet. When any user clicks on the advertisement, the infected file is transferred from the server to the user storage resulting in spreading of Ransomware.
- Back up your data-
Your data is not safe if you are not backing it up as there can be a cyber attack on your data anytime. So a proper backup of all your files should be created. So if the original data is lost, you can back it up from the copy of the file you have made.
- Avoid Suspicious Websites-
Avoid visiting suspicious websites as these contains contaminated files which get downloaded when you click on any link of the website. This can infect your computer system.
- Disable files running AppData/LocalAppData-
You can alter or make the change in your windows by disabling the use of local app data folder. This folder is mostly targeted by Ransomware. Disabling this will help to get control against any intrusion from the malwares.
- Filter executable file in emails-
Filtering .exe files from your mail box will help to detect contaminated emails and emails containing virus definitions. Or you can also deny the emails containing .exe files by going into your email settings.
These steps will help you a lot in preventing the Ransomware or malwares from entering your system but will not give a full proof protection. A reputed internet security solution is necessary for providing additional security to your data.