We all know, how viral ransomware and its effect has gone, which makes us think twice before opening any spam emails or any malicious files. As soon as we click them, the ransomware blocks our access to our files, and we can never get them back until we pay them hefty amounts of money. This is happening on a larger scale also because, many people have started using technologies, without acquiring the theoretical know about of the after-effects. So, let me inform you with some general details of what this haul is all about. Ransomware, we know, is malware, which can be of two types:
- Encrypting Ransomware, that uses advanced encryption algorithms that run and block the user’s data remorselessly. Then it demands some payment from the victim for providing him with a key that can decrypt his data.
- Locker Ransomware, that is even worse, and it locks the user out from the operating system because of which they can no more access their desktop or any applications in it. Again, these attackers demand the ransom to release the system.
All this payment is demanded in the form of bitcoins, where each bitcoin cost 42405.29 Indian Rupees. So, unless you have the ransom, these malicious attackers demand, prevention is the only judicious option. So, check out the following 18 ransomware protection tips, so that you never have to face the disgust of losing your personal data:
- Keep the backup of all your most important files on the daily basis:
It is the bulletproof plan to protect yourself from these malware attacks. You must keep one copy of your crucial data on the cloud service like Dropbox or i-cloud and the other copy on the physical memory devices like pen drive and HDD.
- Personalize the anti-spam settings:
Change the webmail settings on your phone and other devices such that they do not show the dubious attachments with extensions like .exe, .vbs, or .scr. Such emails are eye-catching, and they contain malicious codes.
- Do not open suspicious attachments:
We must refrain from accessing the emails coming from the unknown people or even the phishing emails that camouflage as the important emails from banks or other e-commerce sources.
- Avoid clicking the hyperlinks:
Some common accounts are run by the attackers who compromise their account and send bad links to all the people linked to that account. So, do not click on any link until your antivirus allows you to.
- Check the extensions of the attached files before opening them:
If you see an image file having a .gif extension or any file having two extensions, like birthday.gif.exe. The fraudsters use this technique to confuse the users.
- Keep your Operating System, Antivirus and software updated:
The updated versions can only fight the updated viruses and malware.
- Vssadmin.exe can be turned off:
Volume shadow copies service copies all your data and keeps multiple copies, but the malware tends to attack it first to reach our original data. Therefore, try to turn off the VSS, because when it is turned off, then you can always use it to restore the once encrypted files.
- Keep the firewall well configured and used enhanced versions:
Windows firewall must be properly configured, and as soon as you feel some malicious attack taking place, just try to switch off your computer, so that the attacker's connection fails to be established.
- Scan the archived and compressed file completely before opening:
Use an antivirus protection; that scans everything before letting it enter into your system.
- Disable windows script host and windows power shell:
Because turn them on only and only if needed.
- Improve the security of MS Office package:
One must disable Macros and Active X so that no external data comes in and no threat is encountered.
- Block the pop-ups:
Installing a browser add-on can be a solution to blocking these ransom Trojans.
- Set unique and difficult passwords:
This can be the best ways to cease the attackers from hacking in the first place.
- Deactivate Auto-play:
With the abundant internet connection, the malicious file will get downloaded automatically and will execute them, if autoplay is on.
- Disable Automatic file-sharing:
If some ransomware strikes you, then, the attackers proceeds to attack all the people you are sharing your files with. So, automatic file sharing must be disabled.
- Say no to remote services:
We know how rapidly, this Remote Desktop Protocol can be grasped by the attacker and then if it is in an enterprise, it can also reach and spread out to the entire enterprise network.
- Bluetooth mode must not be on most of the time:
Once Bluetooth is compromised to the hackers, then the system as a whole can be corrupted.
- Block known malicious IP addresses already:
Learn about the gateways that let the ransomware communicate with our servers and block them out-rightly because your safety is primary.
If you can practice the majority of the precautions as mentioned above and get a good antivirus, then you will never have to encounter such illegitimate attacks by Ransomware. Stay safe and use the technology wisely!